Conceptual and fundamental learning of diagnostic tests for infectious diseases

## Description

Get a conceptual and fundamental learning of diagnostic tests for infectious diseases.

Antigen-Antibody reactions

**Introduction**

- What is Antigen?
- What is Epitope?
- What is Antibody?
- What is Paratope ?
- What are the general features/characteristics of Antigen antibody reactions?
- What is the difference between Immunology and Serology?
- Understand the concept of Affinity and Avidity with examples
- What is Sensitivity and Specificity of a diagnostic test?
- What are the stages of antigen antibody reactions?
- Understand difference among Primary stage, Secondary stage, Tertiary stage.

**Precipitation**

- What is Precipitation?
- What is Flocculation ?
- What is Lattice hypothesis ?
- What are Prozone, Postzone, Zone of equivalence? What is the significance of them?
- Precipitation in liquid reactions with examples
- Ring precipitation with example
- Flocculation test: Slide flocculation test with example (VDRL test, RPR test) and tube flocculation with example (Kahn Test)
- What is Immunodiffusion ? Precipitation in gel with examples
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Oudin procedure?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Oakley–fulthorpe procedure ?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Radial immunodiffusion ?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Ouchterlony procedure ?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Electroimmunodiffusion ?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Counterimmunoelectrophoresis ?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Rocket electrophoresis?
- What is the principle, method and result interpretation of Laurell’s electrophoresis?

**Agglutination**

- Agglutination definition, Types of agglutination reactions, Slide agglutination, Tube agglutination, heterophile agglutination, Coombs test, Direct coombs test, Indirect coombs test, Passive agglutination , Latex agglutination
**Complement Fixation test** - Principle
- Method
- Result interpretation
- Use

## Who this course is for:

- MBBS medical undergraduate students
- Physiotherapy undergraduate students
- BDS Dental undergraduate students
- BSC/MSC Microbiology undergraduate and postgraduate students
- MD Microbiology postgraduate students
- DNB Microbiology postgraduate students
- Optometry undergraduate students
- MLT Medical laboratory technician course students
- BSC nursing undergraduate students
- Any one interested in learning microbiology/immunology/serology